Periodontics is a sub-field of dentistry that focuses on the structures that support the teeth. This includes a person’s gums and mouth bones. This field has experienced tremendous growth in recent years because of the widespread prevalence of periodontitis, better known as gum disease.
Gum disease is easily recognized by infection and inflammation of an individual’s gums. The disorder arises when the gums become irritated due to exposure from toxins that are present in plaque. As the condition progresses, a person’s gums will start to pull away from their teeth. This results in empty spaces called periodontal pockets. Over time, these spaces will become home to tartar, bacteria and plaque, allowing the disease to more easily access other areas of the mouth. If gum disease is allowed to continue to spread, it can eventually reach the jawbone and the connective tissues of teeth and cause tooth loss.
Dr. Rottman and his staff understand the seriousness of gum disease, and we strongly advise patients to seek treatment for the condition as quickly as possible. We offer many treatment options for the disorder that are designed to stop the spread of the condition and restore any damaged gum tissue that is present. Although gum disease is a very troubling condition, our team is ready to provide the best possible treatment.
Periodontal laser treatments make use of a specialized dental laser that is designed to remove swollen gum tissue surrounding the root of a tooth. After the inflamed tissue has been removed, excess plaque is scraped away, and rough spots are smoothed out in order to prevent future infections from occurring. As the gums heal, they will eventually begin to regenerate and re-attach themselves to the teeth. Many patients prefer laser treatment over other methods of treating periodontal disease due to the fact that it typically features less pain and a quicker recovery time.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical treatment method for gum disease that consists of using special dental tools to eliminate the plaque, tartar and toxins that have built-up above and below a person’s gum line. The first part of this treatment, scaling, involves removing any plaque that is present on the surface of the teeth and on the root surfaces. The second part, root planing, is designed to smooth out any rough spots that are present on the root surfaces as a way of preventing gum disease from reoccurring. Overall, the treatment is extremely effective in putting a stop to periodontal disease and helping the gums become healed.
Regenerative procedures are conducted when gum disease has caused damage to a person’s jawbone and the connective tissues of their teeth. These procedures involve folding back the gum tissue and eliminating any harmful bacteria and toxins that are present. After these areas have been cleaned, artificial bone grafts and special proteins are applied to the damaged jawbone as a way of reversing any decay that has occurred. This process works to stimulate bone growth and encourage healing. In severe cases, it may take several months for the jawbone to heal completely.
If you suspect that you are suffering from gum disease, do not wait to receive treatment. Gum disease is most effectively treated in its earliest stages before serious damage has occurred. Please call us at (262) 288-0678 to schedule an appointment.